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Tick News
12-11-2013
India fails to play itself as the third power in Central Asia
Penulis : Hendrajit, Executive Director of the Global Future Institute

Along with with Indonesia, India managed to be the initiator of Asian - African Conference in Bandung in 1955, and the Conference of Non-Aligned Movement in Belgrade in 1960. The two international forums made Indonesia and India being able to initiate the third power, beyond the polarization between the U.S. and Western Europe versus China - Russia at that time. But at present, India could not be as beautiful as it played the same role as the "third power."

China and Russia's strategic alliance through the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) in Central Asia, managed to shut down the India's steps to become a "anchor player between the U.S. versus Russia - China. The Russia and China's solidity  through the SCO, could successfully embrace Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan to stem the India's maneuvers to build influence in Central Asia. Both Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan are the countries being the key actors in the region.

Russia currently has disbursed funds for military aid package to Kyrgyzstan amounted to USD 1 billion. This is the second time India has experienced a strategic blow from Moscow. Previously, in 2010 Russia managed to persuade Tajikistan to provide air force base called Tajikistan Ayni Air Base.

In the sector of oil, gas and energy, India could also be dammed by China, the Russia's ally in the SCO framework, when it managed to establish a strategic partnership with Kazakhstan and Turkmenistan. Last September, for example, India lost 8.4 percent stake in Kazakhstan's Kashagan oil field for being successfully taken over by China through the Chinese Petroleum Company (CNPC). Of course, it is a major blow to India in its efforts to develop partnerships in the field of energy development in the Central Asian countries.

Imagine. The India 's Oil and Natural Gas Corporation could reach an agreement with Kazakhstan in November 2012 so it could buy 8.4 percent stake owned by Kazakhstan's Kashagan oil field. Kashagan is the Kazakhstan's largest oil field discovery for 30 years.

Not surprisingly, the New Delhi considers its USD 5 billion investment  in the Kashagan oil field is to build influence in the field of oil industry in Kazakhstan. But the India's hope is in vain. In July, the Kazakhstan Ministry of Oil and Gas India could overtake the India's maneuver. The Kazakhstan's state-owned enterprise, KazMunaiGas bought the Kashagan's shares, but later sold its stake by 8.3 percent to the CNPC for USD 5 billion. As a consequence, CNPC was willing to help USD 3 billion for the construction of the second phase of Kashagan's oilfield.

Of course this is the Chinese strategic victory against India, the U.S. and Britain, which have till now remained behind every India's strategic policies both in the economic - trade and defense. The President of China Xi Jinping during his visit to Astana in September signed an agreement to takeover the Kashagan 8.3 percent stake with Kazakh President Nursultan Nazarbayev.

As reported, in the signing, only one of the 22 agreements was achieved in the framework of bilateral cooperation between Kazakhstan and China. All the China - Kazakhstan strategic agreements were totally amounted to USD 30 billion.

In Turkmenistan, India could also be dammed by China for successfully operating the Turkmenistan's gas field, Turkmenistan's Galkynysh gas field, which is the second largest gas field in the world. Again, the CNPC is China's oil and gas actor which is managed to take control as the developer of the gas field without the participation of major oil and gas companies of the U.S. and Europe.

The China's success could break the India's maneuver which has previously sought to build the pipeline construction connecting the Turkmenistan - Afghanistan - Pakistan - India (TAPI Project), which is intended to be used as gas transport from Turkmenistan to Pakistan and India, including Afghanistan. However, in terms of the agreement between China and Turkmenistan to operate Galkynysh gas field, the TAPI project in its development will be a major influence for China to determine it in accordance with the scheme of China not India.

In short, the India maneuvers to play its card as a third power that will take advantage of the feud between the U.S. versus China and Russia in Central Asia, appears to have failed miserably.




 

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   Bedah Buku
Pengarang :
Isu-isu Sensitif Diletupkan Supaya Negara-negara Imperialis Bebas Mengeruk Sumber Daya Alam Indonesia

Judul:
Perang Asimetris dan Skema Penajajahan Gaya Baru
Penulis:
M. Arief Pranoto dan Hendrajit
Penerbit:
Global Future Institute
Cetakan:
I, Desember 2016
Tebal Buku: 234 Halaman

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